Health (7)

5 Ways You Might Be Hydrating Wrong

  • August 3, 2015
  • Health

Drinking enough fluid is simple, right? Just drink eight glasses of water daily and you’re good. Sure, that’ll help, but there are probably some hydration mistakes that you’re making unconsciously. To give you an idea, we’ve listed down five of the common hydration mistakes that might be preventing you from getting the right amount of H2O that you really need.

water being poured

  1. Drinking Water Only While Working Out. Even if you’ve sipped some water while working out, you’ll still be prone to experience headaches if you failed to properly hydrate before exercising. Easily fix this by drinking at least eight ounces of water half an hour before performing your workout routine. That way, you’ll be properly hydrated before and during your workout.


  1. Sticking to the ‘Eight Glasses of Water a Day’ Rule. We all believed this adage for a very long time, but it’s time to kick it into the curb now. The amount of hydration that a person needs actually depend on your weight and size. Also, considering the amount of water that you get from fruits and veggies, you may not need to guzzle as much water as you think you need.


  1. Ditching Coffee and Tea. Another hydration mistake that you might be doing is skipping on coffee and tea because of the belief that they are dehydrating. While their caffeine content is diuretic, the fluid in your tea and coffee is actually enough to make up for that fluid loss, which means your daily Starbucks habit is still better than sipping on nothing.


  1. Hydrating Infrequently. Feeling thirsty? Then you should go and drink water. The same thing goes when it’s too hot outdoors or when you’re exercising. However, these aren’t the only times that you should be rehydrating yourself. You should also drink as much water even if you’re just sitting at your desk. If you don’t, then you’re only setting yourself up for UTI and kidney stones.


  1. Confusing Your Need for Water with Hunger. The best way to ensure that your hunger pangs are real is to drink some water before you actually start eating, since a lot people confuse their need for hydration with hunger. Eat your meals and snacks as how you would normally eat, but you should also make it a habit to drink plenty of water with them. It would also be a good idea to set a bottle of water in your nightstand and drink it as soon as you wake up. That way, you can set yourself up with hydration throughout the day.

Keeping yourself hydrated isn’t all about drinking eight glasses of water daily. There are a lot of things that you should actually consider to ensure that you get the right amount of H2O that you need every day.


Five Diet Changes for Kidney Disease Patients  

There are Singaporeans who suffer from chronic kidney disease. If we are diagnosed with kidney disease, we have to follow the doctor’s recommendations to prevent health hazard. Our doctor will begin with our diet. There are many dietary restrictions designed to help us get better. All we have to do is follow the restrictions and maybe live longer.


We have to understand first the importance of the dietary restriction. The restrictions will help avert further decline of our kidney functions. We have to delve deeper if we want our kidneys to be in good working condition.

A kidney diet can impede waste build-up and prevent accumulation of excess fluids and minerals in our body. Poor kidney functions are also associated with other problems like heart disease, high blood pressure and weak muscles. Doctors will agree that there is no single dietary plan for treating the disease because each person has different dietary requirements.

If we have kidney disease, here are some diet changes that we should consider:

  • Fluids: Water and other fluids are important in the processes of the body but too much fluid can raise our blood pressure and it can lead to swelling. Fluids can also affect our lungs. We have to limit our fluid intake to decrease our risks of developing or worsening our kidney disease.
  • Potassium: Potassium is an integral mineral that the body needs for heartbeat regulation and healthy muscles. However, it should be limited since too much can cause build-up that can lead to muscle cramps and irregular heartbeat. Examples of high in potassium foods include banana, avocado, oranges, beans, brown rice, raisins, potatoes, spinach and tomatoes.


  • Protein: Protein’s role is invaluable that is why it is called the building block of the body. We need to limit its intake because too much can lead to build-up that can worsen the kidney function. We have to avoid foods high in protein like legumes, nuts, soy, fish, chicken, eggs, beef and dairy products.
  • Phosphorus: Phosphorus aides in keeping the bones healthy. Too muck intake can lead to weakness of bones. We have to stay away from foods rich in phosphorus like bread, cereals, oatmeal, fish, poultry and meat.
  • Sodium: Sodium is in charge with regulating the body’s water and blood volume. Too much intake can lead to swelling and rising of blood pressure. We have to avoid foods rich in sodium like cured meats, salted snacks, fast foods, canned goods, instant soups and sauces.

We have to remember that a nutritious diet can help us maintain  healthy weight and prevent the decline of our kidney functions. If we want to know more about kidney diets, there are many specialists here in Singapore that can help us.

At the end of the day, this is all about discipline. We should gather strength to avoid the foods that can decline our kidney functions and fortify our diet.


Questions and Answers about Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease

Singapore’s Ministry of Health is worried about the increasing cases of Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD) here since April. According to the Ministry of Health, there are now 793 cases of HFMD here in Singapore. This is alarming for some schools especially childcare centres and kindergarten.


The schools are doing its best to battle HFMD through hiring professional cleaning companies to sanitize and disinfect crucial areas. Apart from this, the schools are regularly taking the temperature of children to make sure HFMD is prevented if not reduced. If you want to know more about HFMD, here are some questions with answers about it:

  • What are the symptoms of HFMD? HFMD is contagious and it is caused by different viruses. Children younger than five years old are highly susceptible to HFMD. The symptoms include fever, rashes, sore throat, reduced appetite and many more.
  • Is HFMD serious? HFMD is not life threatening if you are very worried. The illness is mild but the fact that it is contagious makes it alarming. Patients can recover after seven to ten days with or without medical treatment. Complications are rare.


  • Who are at risk for HFMD? It was mentioned a while ago that children below five years old are highly susceptible to HFMD but older children and some adults can get HFMD too.
  • Can HFMD be treated? There are no particular treatments for HFMD but you can get over-the-counter medications to reduce the symptoms. For example, if you have body sores, you can take ibuprofen. It is crucial that you drink adequate fluids.
  • Can HFMD be prevented? Unfortunately there are no vaccines for HFMD but it can be reduced. You can reduce your chances of getting infected by washing your hands often.


What You Need to Know About Dengue

  • June 26, 2014
  • Health

Singapore is not an exemption when it comes to dengue and infectious diseases. Actually, there are no countries (even those countries who boast of perfect medical treatments) that are exempted if mosquitoes attack. Many people died because of dengue. It is crucial that we know everything that we should know about dengue so we can do something about it. It is better that way. Let us not wait for dengue to claim our family or someone we know. Together, we can do something about it.


The spread of dengue can be attributed to the bite of Aedes aegypti and A. albopictus mosquitoes. An infectious bite can cause dengue fever but we should know that it is not contagious. This means that it cannot be transmitted directly from one person to another. Now you know the basics of dengue, it is time that you know some things about dengue.


Symptoms: Dengue fever causes death because people usually ignore the symptoms and when symptoms are noticeable, it is on its final stage. The fever develops from four to seven days. You should know the symptoms. Symptoms include on and off fever for two to seven days, severe headache, nose bleeding or gum bleeding, nausea, vomiting, muscle and joint pain and skin rashes.


Treatment: The Singapore Ministry of Health is urging the public to seek medical attention if we notice or suspect dengue. Time is of great essence so we should bring our patient to the hospital right away. There is no particular treatment of dengue fever.



Treatment and Prevention of HFMD

  • June 23, 2014
  • Health

For anyone who experiences symptoms of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD), it is very crucial that they seek medical attention. Do this for the sake of the child. The child must be in pain or in an uncomfortable situation. Singapore is not an exemption of HFMD no matter how modern or perfect medical practice we have. At the end of the day, vigilant people get the best things. You should be vigilant because your family is at risk here. Whether there is an outbreak in school or not, you should make sure that the child is fit to go to school first before actually sending him/her.

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Treatment for HFMD: Medical practitioners here in Singapore say that there are no specific treatments. The basic thing that they can do is subdue the symptoms and give relief. No antibiotics are indicated and more importantly, there are no vaccines available for HFMD.


Preventing HFMD: If you identified HFMD’s symptoms or you suspect your child has HFMD, it is important that you seek medical attention right away. Your best bet is to observe the behaviour of the child. If there are changes in the child’s behaviour (like loss of appetite, sleepiness, drowsiness, vomiting, etc.), you should bring her/him to KKH or NUH hospital.


It is imperative that you check the child if he/she is experiencing fever or runny nose. You should also check his/her hands and arms if there are blisters. You need to check the child’s mouth if there are mouth ulcers present and lastly, check the soles, buttocks and legs if there are blisters. If there are, better not send the child to school and seek medical attention right away. The Singapore MOH is always reminding us that prevention is better than cure. Let us be vigilant.

Graviola: To Cure Cancer?

  • June 12, 2014
  • Health

Cancer is one of the most deadly diseases in Singapore. It is also considered a major health problem in the world. In fact a large number of deaths are occurring in the world every year. There are many types of cancers, there are deadly and there are not, one of these is breast cancer which is common for women. This is a kind of cancer that is developed in breasts cells.

graviola tree and fruit

Another is prostate cancer, this is also common but it targets only men. It develops in the prostate gland of a male. Next is lung cancer. It is another kind of cancer that is caused by smoking and harmful chemical which is brought by the air to the lungs. These are only the common cancers that top the list of cancers.

Experts say that they’ve not yet discovered any medicine to treat cancer, but there are antibiotics sold in the market to prevent cancer. Further studies have been conducted and it shows that Graviola has various chemicals/elements that may cure cancer and disease-causing agents such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites.


In laboratory studies, graviola extracts can amazingly remove some kinds of cancer cells which include the liver and breast. But experts still do not agree that it graviola can cure cancer.

What is Graviola?

Graviola is a small evergreen tree that grows 5-6 meters which can be found in the Amazon Rainforest. Its leaves, seeds, fruits and stems are used to make medicine. This is made as an alternative cancer treatment and also an immune booster. Graviola is used to maintain and support the immune system to get rid of some viruses which cause common colds, cough, flu and the like.



Arthritis Mutilans


Arthritis mutilans is a condition of the bones in the fingers and the toes. In this condition, the bones become dislocated and disarranged. When arthritis mutilans occurs in the fingers, it is called as the opera glass hand or chronic absorptive arthritis.  When the arthritis mutilans happens in the toes the condition is called opera glass foot. It is classified as a rare type of arthritis; a severe form of rheumatoid arthritis or psoriatic arthritis. Not only are the bones affected here but as well as the tissues. The tissues in this condition swell and collapse.


Causes of Arthritis Mutilans

Psoriatic arthritis. Psoriatic arthritis can be another sign of arthritis mutilans. Once a person suffers psoriatic arthritis, arthritis mutilans is more possible. Psoriatic arthritis is a condition when the skin suffers psoriasis where red, itchy and scaly patches appear as well as joint inflammation. This inflammation of the joints may become severe causing dislocation and shortening of the bones. When this condition becomes severe, especially the bone dislocation, the condition will be classified as arthritis mutilans.

Rheumatoid arthritis. Another illness which can be a sign of arthritis mutilans  is rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis is a condition when the immune system of the body attacks itself particularly the joints of the body instead of attacking foreign bodies causing diseases. This condition is called autoimmune system disease, and this can cause swelling of the joints in the body. When the swelling occurs in the hands and the feet, the fingers’ and toes’ joints are the ones which will be affected. When the condition gets worse, it can be classified as arthritis mutilans, especially when bones and joints become dislocated.

Signs and Symptoms of Arthritis Mutilans

Shortening of the fingers and the toes is the main sign and symptom of arthritis mutilans. This shortening may occur on a long period of time, but it is surely noticeable. The parts which are becoming shorter are the interphalangeal and metacarpophalangeal joints of the fingers. These joints are the knuckles one can feel when the hands are closed. These joints deform, fold and are dislocated from their normal position. This same signs and symptoms can happen to the feet. Once this occurs, immediately seek professional help for diagnosis and treatment.

Diagnosis of Arthritis Mutilans

There are several things doctors will do to patients who are suspected to have arthritis mutilans. First among these is a medical history check. The doctor will look into the genetic lineage of the patient in case there have been cases when some of the patient’s keen was diagnosed with arthritis mutilans. Past medications and medical conditions will also be asked to the patient.

The next part of the diagnosis is physical examination and laboratory examinations. Several tests like blood testing, checking of the weight, blood pressure, temperature, breathing pattern bowel tests, urine tests, and application of pressure on different joints will be done. Looking closely on the affected fingers and toes will also be performed by the doctor.

Radiographic examination will also be done in order to have a detailed look on the condition of the finger and toe bones. This will be the basis on what procedure or treatment the patient will be going through.

Rheumatoid Arthritis: Arthritis Mutilans, Hand

Treatment for Arthritis Mutilans

The main treatment for arthritis mutilans is surgery. Iliac-bone graft and arthrodesis of the joints affected by the disease are the procedures which are seen as a way on rendering successful results. Nonetheless, experts on surgery and rheumatology are still researching and studying the effectiveness of this kind of cure.

Aside from surgery, medications given to arthritis patients may also be prescribed by doctors especially when the cause of arthritis mutilans is psoriatic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are prescribed by doctor to ease the pain and swelling of the joints caused by arthritis.


Arthritis mutilans is a condition when the bones in the fingers and the bones suffer severe dislocation. A sign of arthritis mutilans is the shortening of the bones, and it can also be a result of rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis. Several tests and interviews will be undergone by the patient for diagnosis. Treatment will follow after the diagnosis. Surgery is seen as a cure, but it s still studied and researched.